This lesson explains the gradual spread of islam into west africa in doing so, it discusses the influence of the berbers and the trans-saharan caravan trade of the saharan region. Islam spread more rapidly in north africa than did the arab language this was a paradoxical result of the schismatic propaganda, for the autonomy movement, which was directed against the political power of the arabs and their clients, endowed islam with a profoundly national character. The spread of islam among the christian nations of africa north africa a history of the propagation of the muslim faith tw arnold ma cif. While the presence of islam in west africa dates back to eighth century, the spread of the faith in regions that are now the modern states of senegal, gambia, guinea, burkina faso, niger, mali and nigeria, was in actuality, a gradual and complex process. Islam and africa prophet muhammad (may allah exalt his mention) who was born in 571 ce, preached the message of islam until his death in 632 ce the early contact of islam with africa began during the lifetime of the prophet.
The spread of islam in africa began in the 7th and 8th cent with the umayyads, who brought the religion to the middle east and to the littoral of north africa along the coast of africa islam spread among the berbers , who joined the muslim community and almost immediately drove north across the mediterranean into europe. Sadly, christianity in much of north africa virtually disappeared as islam advanced in the following centuries in egypt and in ethiopia, however, it had taken deep root, and was thus able to survive the islamic juggernaut and continues to this day. Trade and growth within north africa was amongst one of the most important ways to spread islam because it helped the economy build up and it gave the society a way of social class and beliefs of carrying islam to other different coutries and different views on islam and ideas.
This lecture covers the history of islam in northern africa from the time of the first muslim invasion in 639 to the ottoman empire in 1600 it is based on the reading from kevin shillington's history of africa (new york: st martin's press, 1989), pages 72-77, 107-13 and 157-69 as you read this. Spread of islam in west africa islam reached the savannah region in the 8th century ce, the date the written history of west africa begins the muslim-arab historians began to write about west africa in the early 8th century. Africa was the first continent, outside of arabia that islam spread to in the early 7th century when muhammad advised a number of his early disciples, who were facing persecution by the pre-islamic inhabitants of the mecca, to seek refuge across the red sea in axum.
Teacher: we just saw how within a period of just over 100 years, islam spread all around north africa, into asia, and even in europe well, it was able to spread so quickly for a number of reasons one was trade. Islam in africa: introduction islam's presence in african history while this was a short-lived encounter, muslims eventually left a lasting influence in north africa which has since spread to western, eastern, and central africa. Islam was similarly spread down the east coast of africa as muslim traders intermarried with the local population and the area's elite converted to islam islam became a sign of social status and economic opportunity on the east african coast. Answer 1 the holy wars happened, which started spreading islam, but also there were muslim traders who also spread it answer 2 islam came to northern africa by way of expansionary conquest. This article examines the relationship between islam and politics in the maghreb region of north africa (algeria, libya, morocco, and tunisia) in the postcolonial era.
The vast majority of people in many sub-saharan african nations are deeply committed to the practices and major tenets of one or the other of the world's two largest religions, christianity and islam. Although christianity began in north africa several centuries before its introduction in egypt, the church in north africa did not grow as quickly because the north african church used the latin language in its services and literature, rather than the language of the people. Muslim conquests and spread of islam magnificentcentury loading unsubscribe from magnificentcentury north africa, sicily, and the iberian peninsula, to the pyrenees edward gibbon writes. Islam, in the tenth century, was the main religion, or at least, the religion of the majority of nations in an area covering more than half of the civilized world stretching over three continents from the pyrenees and siberia in west and north europe to the farthest end of asia, up to china and new.
The main dynamics of the rapid spread of islam during the tenth century, islam was the predominant religion of an area covering more than half of the then-known world its adherents inhabited three continents: from the pyrenees and siberia up to china and new guinea, and from morocco to the southern tip of africa. How islam came to north africa the spread of islam in africa began in the 7th and 8th centuries with the ummayads okbah ibn nafi' was the muslim leader who helped spread islam to north africa. A s^n and african studes, 79, 2010, 1, 134-167 rethinking the spread of islam in eastern and southern africa viera pawliková-vilhanová, institute of oriental studies, slovak academy of sciences.
The spread of islam, from its heartland in the middle east and north africa to india and southeast asia, revealed the power of the religion and its commercial and sometimes military attributes. The spread and effect of islam as islam spread across the arabian peninsula and later across north africa and the middle east , it had an aggregating effect the occupants of these areas had been nomadic tribes for a very long time. By the early 700s islam had spread across north africa it then pushed east as far as india and north as far as spain from there the arab raiders attempted to conquer the rest of europe but were stopped in 732 at the battle of tours in the plains of poitiers, france, by the armies of the french prince, charles martel.
The third key factor in the spread of christianity through north africa was the resentment of the population to roman administration, particularly the imposition of taxes, and the demand that the roman emperor be worshiped akin to a god. The spread of islam in north africa was accompanied by arab rule arab traders who first facilitated the spread of islam gradually gained political control of north africa from the indigenous populations. Overview of the spread of islam from the time of muhammed to the rashidun, umayyad and abbasid caliphates in north africa, anatolia, the balkans, and india, so.