Plato's apology of socrates purports to be the speech socrates gave at his trial in response to the accusations made against him (greek apologia means defense) its powerful advocacy of the examined life and its condemnation of athenian democracy have made it one of the central documents of western thought and culture. Aristotle became plato's best student and was generally felt to be plato's successor he remained at the academy until plato's death in 347 bce, when, bypassed in the election of the academy's next president, aristotle left athens with a few students and friends. Plato / aristotle: the debate of the ancients (aristocracy vs democracy) the question of the best government is at the heart of the political thinking of the two philosophers several dialogues of plato ( the republic or the statesman ) and aristotle ( politics ) address the issue in depth. And if we're going to talk about philosophy in ancient greece, the most famous three philosophers are socrates, plato, and aristotle now, before we get into the first of them, and really the teacher of plato, who was then the teacher of aristotle, let's get a little bit of context on this time period. Philosophies of socrates, plato, and aristotle the philosophies of socrates, plato, and aristotle had different points of-view but they were also similar in some ways.
In a democracy the poor will have more power than the rich, because there are more of them, and the will of the majority is supreme 22 up, 10 down aristotle quotes. Dictatorship naturally arises out of democracy, and the most aggravated form of tyranny and slavery out of the most extreme liberty plato democracy , slavery , tyranny , liberty. The paper discusses the abstract ideology of democracy that both plato and aristotle deem to be a good form of government, but not one that can exist in reality.
Ancient greek philosophy: aristotle and plato's views on politics plato: an anti-democratic republic aristotle: 3 political systems 3 classes of the state guardians (rulers) soliders producers ruled by reason ruled by courage ruled by appetite are are are has are are are i propose therefore that we. Plato thought political regimes followed a predictable evolutionary course, from oligarchy to democracy to tyranny oligarchies give way to democracies when the elites fail, when they become. Plato and aristotle were both philosophers from greece who criticized democracy as a poor form of government plato's thoughts on democracy were that it causes the corruption of people through public opinion and creates rulers who do not actually know how to rule but only know how to influence the beast which is the demos, the public. Plato (/ ˈ p l eɪ t oʊ / greek: πλάτων plátōn, pronounced [plátɔːn] in classical attic 428/427 or 424/423 - 348/347 bc) was a philosopher in classical greece and the founder of the academy in athens, the first institution of higher learning in the western world.
Plato and aristotle have formed democracy, defined philosophy for centuries, defined ethics, set the roots for our understanding of the cosmos, created university principles that are still used today. Plato and aristotle share this skepticism of democracy the limitation of freedom, liberty, and equality not only with regards to mistrust of democracy but also in terms of denial of citizenship and justification of slavery are commonalities in the teachings of socrates, plato, and aristotle. Plato's critique of democracy may be considered by modern readers as not applicable to liberal democracy today liberal democracies are not only founded on considerations of freedom and equality, but also include other elements, such as the rule of law, multiparty systems, periodic elections, and a professional civil service. Aristotle's philosophy of equality, peace, & democracy matt qvortrup argues that aristotle's political philosophy is surprisingly modern the son of a doctor, aristotle was born in the city of stagira in macedonia in the year 384 bc, and was educated at plato's academy.
Socrates-liked democracy plato-distrusted democracy after what happened to socrates aristotle-found pros and cons of democracy but felt that the democratic office was to easy to corrupt and lead to mob rule. It starts with plato, who says that democracy is not a form of government, just the whim of people who want to behave licentiously it continues with aristotle, who says that democracy is fine, as long as the democrats are kept from exercising it. For plato, then democracy was a misbegotten romanticism about the power of group thought for plato, the truth lies not with the cumulative partial understanding of the crowd, but with the one who knows.
Both plato and aristotle were big critics of democracy as a poor form of government aristotle's views about democracy hold that democratic office will cause corruption in the people, if the people choose to redistribute the wealth of theshow more content. Critics of democracy - both perceived democracy as the worst form of government for plato, democracy is the worst of all lawful (best) governments and the best of all lawless (worst) ones for plato, democracy is the worst of all lawful (best) governments and the best of all lawless (worst) ones. Plato and aristotle questioned the nature of democracy more than two thousand years ago already admittedly, they did not understand it the way we do today for them democracy meant mob rule, and thus they criticized it vociferously. His influence and that of his best pupil aristotle were such that it was not until the 18th century that democracy's fortunes began seriously to revive, and the form of democracy that was then.
Plato (c 428-c 348 bce) and aristotle (384-322 bce) are generally regarded as the two greatest figures of western philosophy for some 20 years aristotle was plato's student and colleague at the academy in athens, an institution for philosophical, scientific, and mathematical research and. Political philosophy as a genre was invented in this period by plato and reinvented by aristotle: it encompasses reflections on the origin of political institutions, the concepts used to interpret and organize political life such as justice and equality, the relation between the aims of ethics and the nature of politics, and the relative merits. Aristotle (b 384 - d 322 bce), was a greek philosopher, logician, and scientist along with his teacher plato, aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory. Prompt: analyze the relationship between equality and democracy in aristotle's politics and in tocqueville's democracy in america what types of equality are needed, according to each of the authors, to give rise to democracy, and what types of equality are intrinsically parts of it.